Archive for the Money Category

The Kleptocratic States of America

Posted in Democracy, Money, Politics with tags , , , on January 12, 2009 by njmalhq

From many years ago I recall a certain article in Newsweek that labeled Nigeria as Kleptocracy Central. Nigerians the world over were embarrassed, annoyed and up in arms about it. There was some truth to their indignation, although I think what many of them sought was total absolution. The truth is that the country was and is a kleptocracy. Nothing else can explain the gap between where it came from, and where it ended up. But calling it the capital of corruption was a little far fetched, which is what my Nigerian friends should have had issues with.

A few years later I came to the United States, and have since been getting some additional education on the subject. An American friend of mine who travels a lot to the remnants of the USSR recalls a moment of self deprecation when he found himself sharing some vodka with a Ukrainian. The drunk and morose man kept ranting about how corrupt his country was, and how everything was going to hell in a hand basket etc. My American friend ultimately responded by saying that the Ukrainian should consider himself lucky. Here the corruption is only retail. In his country, America, it is wholesale. The last 8 years have taught me the full meaning of this truism. Here is a nice article that sketches a map of contemporary corruption in this once (maybe in distant past, let us not forget Clinton’s Pardongate) great nation of ours:

This is the beacon of democracy, freedom, justice, achievement, wealth and other civic goodies? There is a chasm of herculean proportions between where this country came from, and where it is ending up now. Much larger than anything that can be seen in any other country. So, to be fair to Nigeria, in Newsweek style, I propose that we rename USA to KSA, the Kleptocratic States of America (which ironically also stands for Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Connections, connections, connections. James Burke, eat your heart out!), and Washington DC as Washington KC. The one and only legitimate claimant to the title of Kleptocracy Central.

Re-evaluating Value

Posted in Money, Politics with tags , , , , , , , , , , on October 9, 2008 by njmalhq

The mystery of these times : massive monetary evaporation. Where did all that cash elope to? No one is ready to tell the tale. We can’t tell where it went, maybe we can tell where it came from. That might give us a clue. Paul Grignon made a documentary on that subject, a video titled Money As Debt. The video has been around for a while, but I thought it might be pertinent to revisit it here.

Additional related material on the subject is available in wikipedia under the topics Money Creation, and Fractional-reserve Banking.

To me, the most disturbing aspect of all this is the degree to which popular conception differs from what is stated in the sources above. Except for graduates of Economics, who by-the-way often confessed only fuzzy understanding of the Multiplier Effect and Fractional-reserve Banking, everyone I shared this video with expressed complete and utter surprise at its contents. This is the way the guts of our world works, and we barely know it.

Subsequently I find my mind reeling at the idea that the primary repository of value in the gargantuan global financial system is debt. Debt backed by debt, backed by debt backed by nothing much. Extending a loan is ultimately a statement of faith, in the debtor’s future ability to fulfill obligations. Using this faith as the foundation of the entire monetary system rests upon the belief that an interest bearing debt is more valuable than the money used to create it. But what happens when that faith is misplaced? What happens when money is lent for ends of dubious economic value? Like gambling with random variables (see Fooled by Randomness: The Hidden Role of Chance in Life and in the Markets by Nassim Nicholas Taleb, 2005). Or waging wars which — even if they had a point or were necessary — are destroyers not creators of value. What happens when good loans go bad?

Supposedly the Central Bank (in the case of the USA, it is the Federal Reserve System) would step in, and save the day. But the reserve rate is usually much smaller than 100%. For example, in the case of the USA, the reserve rate is 10%. Which means that every dollar lent out is backed by a mere dime. So, if enough debts go bad, the reserve can’t cover it. District of Columbia, we have a problem.

Someone sent me a very thought provoking 1875 print by Currier & Ives, pictured below. Apparently the current state of affairs is a near century old dejavu. There is hope in this picture. Maybe the so-called crisis will teach this generation a lesson in age-old basics of true economic values.

Unconventional Conception of Wealth

Unconventional Conception of Wealth